Empty your mind, be formless. Shapeless, like water. If you put water into a cup, it becomes the cup. You put water into a bottle and it becomes the bottle. You put it in a teapot it becomes the teapot. Now, water can flow or it can crash. Be water, my friend.

by Bruce Lee

domingo, 9 de diciembre de 2018 smells so good, especially in the early morning!!!

If coffee smells so good and we like it so much, why is it sold sometimes by many of the large companies in containers that remove  the smell?


Why are all these words important in this context: disposable, lid, coffee chain, remove the smell, weird... ?

Here are some articles for you to read related to the issue:

Just the Smell of Coffee can Boost Brain Power (Live Trading News)


Here's a listening exercise to do: The smell of coffee (6 Minute English, BBC Learning English)


Learn some Food Phrasal Verbs in English with Lucy >>>


What is the difference between WHAT vs WHICH? Check it here in a new episode of English in a Minute (BBC Learning English).


And talking about Relative Clauses... 



For a start, let's analyse the relevant elements we have to bear in mind when dealing with the relative clauses:
The boy who came to the party studied with me at the elementary school.

Main clause: The boy studied with me at the elementary school.        Relative clause: who came to the party
Antecedent: The boy             Relative pronoun: who

Why do we use the relative clauses? We use them either to give essential information about the antecedent (Defining Relative Clauses) or just some extra information (Non-defining Relative Clauses).
Another important thing about relative clauses is the connection you have between the antecedent and the relative clause because that will affect the kind of relative pronoun you are going to need. It could be subject, object, there could be a connection of possession...

Defining Relative Clauses

This kind of relative clauses is essential to the understanding of the message, so you can never omit them. Therefore, the intonation is rising till the end of the relative clause.
- We use the relative pronoun WHO (or THAT) when the antecedent is a person and is the subject or object of the relative clause.
 The boy

 who / that

 came to the party
  studied with me at the elementary school. 

 you saw at the party
 she was dancing with at the party

- We use the relative pronoun WHICH (or THAT) when the antecedent is an animal or a thing and is the subject or object of the relative clause.
 The dog

 which / that

 barked in the street
  belongs to my uncle. 

 you saw in the street
 she was playing with

You can omit the relative pronoun when it is not the subject of the relative clause (The boy you saw at the party... //  The dog you saw in the street...) and pay attention to the interesting use and position of prepositions (El perro con el que ella jugaba...).

- WHOSE (connection of possession)  
That's the man whose wife is waiting for the bus. (His wife is waiting for the bus.)
- WHERE (Adverbial of place). It can be substituted by THAT/WHICH + preposition.        
We visited the church where you got married // the church that you got married at. (you got married there / in that church)

And now some exercises for you to do  >>>>>

Fill in the gaps with the appropriate RELATIVE PRONOUN (who, which, where) and then say which sentences can have the relative pronoun THAT

1. I went to see the doctor ................ had helped my sister.

2. That is the hospital .................... the doctor works.
3. The dog .................. bit me belonged to my neighbour.
4. The woman ...................... phoned wanted to talk to my mother.
5. My mother bought the dress in the shop ....................... we saw the red sweater.
6. He is the architect .......................... designed the new bridge over the River Thames.
7. A library is a place ........................ people can read books.
8. Books are things ........................... give you a lot of information about different topics.
Now define what 'a student'  is.

Insert the second sentences into the first ones by means of a WHOSE-relative clause.

1. The house is beautiful. Its windows are open.
2. He was wearing a cap. Its colour was electric green.
3. The woman is on the phone. Her name is Greek.
4. Look at the man. You met his son at the party.
5. Paris is the city. Its main monument is the Eiffel Tower.

More RELATIVE CLAUSES exercises to do:    WHO/WHICH/WHOSE   (2)


Do you know how to play 'snooker'? This is s a typical British sport and one of his stars.

and some years later:   nowadays  


  • Episode 181121 / 21 November 2018    >>>  The effects of pollution on London's schoolchildren -  Language related to 'pollution'.  Need-to-know language: asthma, stunted lung capacity, exposure, particles  & low emission.

sábado, 1 de diciembre de 2018

And one day the dream came true!!!!

More than 25 years ago, to be more precise in 1992 in the Olympic Games in Barcelona, something amazing happened. Everybody has dreams and in those dreams we have always had an incredible super-team in football, basketball, handball... Well, this is what happened with the DREAM TEAM American basketball team that participated in the Games. 

Here are some videos for those of you who weren't even born to watch:

And dome articles for you to read:

And now I remind you of one of my earliest posts in this blog about two of these fantastic players:

Fly like an eagle or just...the magic?

What would be your team now? in basketball, football, in Spain, in Europe, in USA..?

sábado, 24 de noviembre de 2018

Loneliness, isolation, teenagers, sex!!!

Surprisingly, loneliness and isolation are very common feelings among our teenagers despite the fact that we live in overcrowded cities. Social media, video games, dangers in the streets... make our teenagers spend hours and hours alone in their bedrooms with their computers. Is this really good for their mental health? 


In the old days children used to play in the streets altogether, they would interact with other teenagers and they would learn about life through interaction.


Interesting articles to read about the issue:

And this can even affect their sexual habits:


Here's a listening exercise to do: Loneliness (6 Minute English, BBC Learning English)



Complete the sentences using the correct FUTURE TENSE form.

1. I booked our summer holiday last week. We (go) _______________________ to France in July.
2. I think our team (win) ______________________ tonight. I’m feeling lucky.
3. I (have) _____________________ an orange juice, please.
4. I’ve just started a new diet. I (not eat) ______________________ any more chocolate.
5. It’s 8.30, you (be) __________________ late for school.
6. I (be) ____________________ 17 on my next birthday!     
7. We (play) ____________________ tennis tomorrow if it doesn't rain.
8. In our trip around Scandinavia we (visit) __________________ Copenhagen first, then Stockholm, Helsinki and finally Oslo, where we (have) _________________ on a cruise ship along the Bergen fjord.

And here's a video about the Bergen fjord:

and another video about the train that goes from Oslo to Bergen: (What does 'Norway in a nutshell' mean?)

martes, 20 de noviembre de 2018

Congratulations to our teachers and students at IES Mediterraneo (Salobreña)

We have just received a distinction of good teaching practices for our project on Computational thinking and Robotics carried out by our teachers: Mr. José Luis Fernández y Mr. Gustavo Pretel.


Here are some articles appeared in the local press and the interview carried out on Radio Salobreña to Mr Fernández:

lunes, 19 de noviembre de 2018

Objectification, a top issue

Objectification of human beings is supposed to be one of the problems our society must tackle as soon as possible. We must all stand up against this problem if we want a fairer society for our children.

In the world of advertising it is not all gold that glitters.







UN Women | My Story: End Violence against Women & Girls

And now you can create your own story by clicking here: My own story


TED TALK: The dark secret behind sexist advertisements by Natalia Ortiz Hazarian


Here are some interesting articles for you to read and you will discover that objectification affects both women and men:

And finally here's a listening exercise to do: Objectification (6 Minute English, BBC Learning English)


Translate the following sentences into English:

1. ¿Con quién sueles ir al cine? Suelo ir con mis amigos.
2. Hay unos cuantos libros interesantes en la biblioteca, pero no son demasiados. 
3. El jersey es demasiado grande para tí y no es lo bastante bonito para tu novia.
4. Estábamos esperando el autobús cuando vimos el accidente.
5. No tenemos que llevar uniforme en el instituto


English in a Minute  >>>>   Remember to do something vs Remember doing something (BBC Learning English)



  • Episode 181114 / 14 November 2018    >>>  First woman Physics Nobel Prize winner in 55 years -  Language related to 'inventions'.  Need-to-know language: ground-breaking, devised, to get recognised  & in the field.

domingo, 18 de noviembre de 2018

Chickens on the run

Chickens have always been presented as dull animals, but IS IT REALLY TRUE? What does the expression 'chicken on the run' mean?

Let's begin by reminding you of the famous film CHICKEN RUN. Did you see the film?

This film was based on another great film called THE GREAT ESCAPE, which is starred, among other famous actors, by Steve McQueen. Here's the official trailer of the film....

... and this film was based on a true story that happened during the Second World War (The Making Of The Great Escape. Part 1 of 4). Here is also an interesting documentary to watch:

However, going back to chicken, here's an interesting listening exercise to do: What can chickens teach us about organisation? (6 Minute English, BBC Learning English)



Organizations are often run according to "the superchicken model," where the value is placed on star employees who outperform others. You can watch this fascinating TED talk by Margaret Heffernan: "Forget the pecking order at work". By the way, what does 'pecking order' mean?



Here's another listening exercise to do: High-vis fashion (6 Minute English, BBC Learning English)

English in a Minute  >>>>   Prevent vs Avoid (BBC Learning English)


  • Episode 181107 / 07 November 2018    >>>  Train of the future -  Language related to 'power'.  Need-to-know language: diesel, electrification, hydrogen, coal  & battery-powered.

martes, 6 de noviembre de 2018

Dumbphones and plastic

What do you mean by 'dumbphone? Is it a phone for dummies? What does a 'dummy' mean? What is the opposite of 'dumb'? These are all questions that can be answered by having a look at this:


The English We Speak: Dumbphone (6 Minute English, BBC Learning English)


What kind of mobile phone have you got? In the previous listening exercise there are certain expressions you should look up. can you tell me the meaning of them?

"I was getting addicted to my smartphone"  _____________________________

"I couldn't stop checking" _____________________________

"I got rid of it" _________________________

"There is no temptation to stare at this dumbphone in bed"  ______________________

"I'm sick of being bullied by my smartphone."  _______________________

"I could swap my computer for my typewriter."  _____________________________


And now changing topics, .....

Here's a listening exercise to do: Curbing our plastic addiction (6 Minute English, BBC Learning English)


Related article you can read about the issue:

Plastic-eating enzyme could help fight pollution, scientists say (CBC)

And do you remember the difference between these two words:

English in a Minute: Been vs Gone (6 Minute English, BBC Learning English)


SOLUTION to an exercise in the previous post.
Answer these questions:   How do you call... ?

1 a strange-looking man    2 a young fair-haired girl      3 a badly-dressed lady       4 some well-made furniture

domingo, 4 de noviembre de 2018

Gen Z to take over

What do the terms: 'Gen Z' and 'take over' mean? Do you think you belong to this Generation Z? What are the main differences between Generation Z teenagers and teenagers of previous generations? How different did your parents used to be from you?

Here's a listening exercise to do: Describing Generation Z (6 Minute English, BBC Learning English)


These are some articles you can read about the issue:

News Review: 60% drop in global wildlife (6 Minute English, BBC Learning English)



MAKING SUGGESTIONS (Analyse different ways how to suggest first)

YOU: "I don't know what to do at Easter"    

ALBERT:     - "Why don't we go to York?"

                           - "Let's go to York"     "Let's not go to York"

                            - "Shall we go to York?"

                            - "How about going to York?

                            - "What about going to York?"

YOU:     "Great. I'd love to"      "That's a great idea!"    "Fantastic!"

                "I'm afraid I can't."      "I'm sorry, but I have to take care of my little sister."

                "All right, but you'll have to lend me some money."   "OK, but can you help me with my English homework?"    

1. YOU: "There is nothing on TV tonight."

2. YOU: "I am going on holiday to the north of Spain."

3. YOU: "I'm afraid I'm going to fail English."

4. Víctor: "10 kg of baggage is not enough for me."

5. YOU: "We would like to give a surprise birthday party for our History teacher."

6. YOU: "I don't know which kind of present we could give him."

7.  YOU: "We've still got 2 T-shirts and 3 sweaters left to sell. What can we do?"

8. YOU: "It's raining. We can't go out."

9. YOU: "I'm starving."

10. YOU: "The classroom is really untidy and messy. Albert is going to get really furious with us when he comes."      


  • Episode 181031 / 31 October 2018    >>>  Dogs could help detect malaria -  Language related to 'dogs'.  Need-to-know language: four-legged friends, on the scent, pooches,  & sniff out something/someone.

What do they mean by saying: "four-legged friends"? What is the word for young dogs?


A four-legged friend obviously makes reference to dogs. How would say in English: 'tuerto'?

Answer these questions using the same pattern:   How do you call...

1 ..... a man that looks strange?
2 ..... a young girl that has got fair hair?
3 ..... a lady that dresses badly?
4 ...... some furniture that has been made well?

martes, 30 de octubre de 2018

Clash of Titans

It is a well-known fact that I am a passionate of tennis. This very early rainy morning Youtube gave me the opportunity to travel back in time to my teen days when two of my favourite tennis players were on their summit of their careers. Surprisingly, you can come across some interesting pieces of information in this documentary, bearing in mind that Borg was supposed to be as cold as ice and McEnroe was known all over the world for his bad manners on court. I hope you will enjoy the video and that it is easy for you to understand it.

Here's a listening exercise to do: How creative should we be? (6 Minute English, BBC Learning English)


You can read these newspaper articles about the issue 'CREATIVENESS':

The English We Speak: NO FEAR! (6 Minute English, BBC Learning English)

What is the difference between 'even though' and 'even if'? Check it here in a new episode of English in a Minute.



domingo, 28 de octubre de 2018

Winter is coming and there are hundreds of snowflakes around!!!

First, check here the different meanings of the word 'SNOWFLAKE'. As you can see, there is a wide range of meaning from the litteral one to the latest one. So are you really a snowflake and get offended by literally anything? Everybody has to be so careful with all the words he uses when speaking so as not to get into trouble.

Related articles you can read about the issue:

What does the underlined expression in this sentence mean?

Political correctness is forcing more comics to delicately tip-toe around issues of race, class and sexuality.


Here's a listening exercise to do: Snowflakes and taking offence (6 Minute English, BBC Learning English)



QUESTIONS. Subject & Object questions and others.

1. Complete the questions according to the answers in bold.

1. What  ____________________________ at parties? I usually wear a short dress.

2. Who _________________ you to school yesterday? My dad drove me to school yesterday.
3. Who ______________________ us? Bill and Adam are calling us.
4. Who _____________________ at the park? I met Liz and Rose at the park.
5. How often ______________________ your bike? I ride it every day.
6. What ____________________ that strange noise? Our dog made that strange voice.

2. Write subject or object questions with the words below. Use the correct tenses. Then answer the questions.

1. Wh0 / ride / a horse / now ?

2. Who / eat / a lot of rice / in your family ?
3. What / fall / on the ground / yesterday ?
4. Where / Laura / go sailing / last week ?
5. Who / you / usually / do / your homework / with ?

3. Write questions according to the answers in bold.

1. _______________?  Emma flies to Paris every summer.

2. ______________ ?  Steve feeds his pets in the morning.
3. _______________ ? My baby sister cries every night.
4. _______________ ? The stormy weather changed our plans.
5. _______________ ? Al left work early because he didn't feel well.
6. _______________ ? I play the piano twice a day.

Solutions to PART FOUR in the previous post.

31. c    32. a    33. c    34. c    35. a   36. c   37. b   38. a  39. b   40. a

And now time to relax with Mark Knopfler....


  • Episode 181017 / 17 October 2018    >>>  Cookery classes for elderly men -  Language related to 'taking care of somebody'.  Need-to-know language: look after (someone), carer, relied on & take a weight off (somebody's) shoulders.

sábado, 20 de octubre de 2018

Further into fashion!!!


As it is said in one the articles below, "We regret to inform you that 'scumbro'  is now officially a thing"


Here's a listening exercise to do: 'Scumbro' fashion (6 Minute English, BBC Learning English)


Related articles you can read about the issue:

Reign of the scumbro: the meaning of Justin Bieber’s ugly style (The Guardian)

Are You A ‘Scumbro’? – The Fashion Style Justin Bieber Is Currently Championing   (2 Oceans Vibe News)

Something about future tenses: What is the difference between the GOING TO future and the Present Continuous with future meaning? Here's an interesting presentation: Be going to vs Present Continuous 


Part four. Choose the correct option: 

31. You don't have to wear them in England,  .... ?   (A  must you   B  need you  C do you   D  can you)
32. I think everyone should wear them. Yes, ........  .    (A  so do I    B  I think   C   I wear   D   I do either)
33. Have you ever ........ in a car accident?  (A  being involved    B   be involve   C  been involved   D  involved)
34. The old lady needs ........... after her shock.    (A  to comfort    B   be comforted   C  comforting  D  comforted) 
35. She thought she .... her dog.    (A  was going to lose    B  was losing   C  lost   D   would have lost) 
36. She'll soon have to look ........ someone    (A  after    B  over   C  for   D  through) 
37. ......... her catch her dog.  (A  helping    B   to help   C  helped   D   who helping) 
38. She will go home without the dog unless she ............. someone.     (A  finds    B  will find   C  would find   D  found) 
39. Old ladies really .... have such big dogs.    (A  oughtn't    B   shouldn't   C  mightn't   D  shan't) 
40. But it's no use ........ her that.     (A  telling   B   you told   C  to tell   D  to telling)

Solutions to PART THREE in the previous post.

21. c    22. b    23. a    24. b    25. c   26. a   27. a   28. c  29. a   30. d

Be SUPER CAREFUL with these "ORDINARY" WORDS   >>>  English with Lucy

What is a homophone? (Give examples)
What is a homograph? (Give examples)
What is a homonym? (Give examples)


  • Episode 181010 / 10 October 2018    >>>  New hope for brain cancer patients -  Language related to 'medicine'.  Need-to-know language: vaccine, treatment, tumour, immune system & cells.

domingo, 14 de octubre de 2018

Virtual or real relationship?

Do you prefer a virtual or a real relationship? I mean, do you prefer to meet someone physically rather than using a dating app?

Here are some articles for you to read about the issue:

Here's a listening exercise to do: Dating apps: How our brains react (6 Minute English, BBC Learning English)

'especially' or 'specially'?   >>>   That is the question.


Part three. Choose the correct option: 

21. The cat will have to come down soon,  .... ?   (A  hasn't it   B  doesn't it  C won't it   D  mustn't it)
22. It will probably stay in the tree ........  the dog goes away.    (A  during    B   until   C whether   D   by the time)
23. The cat is ........ frightened that it cannot move(A  so    B   such   C  so that   D  such that)
24. The two drivers were both ........... the way home.     (A  in the    B   on the   C  under  D  at the) 
25. I expect their wives will be .... if they arrive late.    (A  put over    B  put back   C  put out   D   put up) 
26. Do you remember ever ........ a car accident?    (A  seeing    B  you saw   C  see   D   to see) 
27. I wonder ......... to stop in time.  (A  how the men managed    B   if the men managed   C  whether the men did manage   D   how the men did manage) 
28. Luckily, they had just been to the garage to ............. .     (A  having their brakes checked    B  having checked their brakes   C  have their brakes checked   D  checked their brakes) 
29. They would .... check their brakes than have an accident.    (A  sooner    B   better   C  prefer   D  more) 
30. Do you think they mind ........  seat belts?     (A  to wear   B   wore   C  to wearing   D   wearing)

Solutions to PART TWO in the previous post.

11. b    12. b    13. c    14. d    15. d   16. b   17. c   18. c  19. b   20. d

Here's an example of what you can do as a project with the books you have to read:

Project on England by Lucía Espinosa (3º ESO A)


English with Lucy >>>  22 Business English Acronyms & Abbreviations You NEED (spon) 



  • Episode 181003 / 03 October 2018    >>>  Zimbabwe's female rangers (All-female anti-poaching rangers) -  Language related to 'hardship'.  Need-to-know language: gruelling, a big ask, break, state financial assistance & blighted.