Empty your mind, be formless. Shapeless, like water. If you put water into a cup, it becomes the cup. You put water into a bottle and it becomes the bottle. You put it in a teapot it becomes the teapot. Now, water can flow or it can crash. Be water, my friend.

by Bruce Lee

domingo, 13 de enero de 2019

Where does English come from?

You have heard many times your English teacher telling you the story of William the Conqueror and that 90% of English language comes from Latin!!!!

However, the English language is formed by many other words (cognates, false friends, loanwords... - BBC Learning English).

Here are some other documents for you to analyse about the English Language:

Learn about SILENT LETTERS in English with Lucy

"We will be visiting York on our VII Study trip to the British-Irish Isles", said Albert. Why are we using here the FUTURE CONTINUOUS? Here's something to watch that can be useful for you: How to use the FUTURE CONTINUOUS (English in a Minute), but did it really help you? 😕😕


Well, it didn't. Here's a listening exercise to do about the feeling I didn't have when I realized you wouldn't find the answer there: The benefits of schadenfreude (6 Minute English, BBC Learning English). What kind of a word is 'schadenfreaude'?



How To Make money FAST As A Kid & Teen!



Part two. Look at the picture and read the questions. The picture will help you to answer the questions. Choose the correct option: 

11. Today has been  ....    (A  very unusual   B  unusually    C  the unusualest   D  more unusually)
12. Rain began to pour  ........ Mr Talbot's shop.    (A  on down    B  over  C  down onto    D   above )
13. But it only fell on ........ shop.     ( A  the half      B   half     C  half of   D  half the )
14. "I can't believe what I see, .......... ?" Mr Talbot asked Bert.    (A  do you    B   can you   C  can't you  D  will you) 
15. It wasn't too bad ....... it only fell on the wet fish.    (A  although   B  unless   C  so   D  because) 
16. If it hadn't, Mr Talbot ........ bring in his dry fish.    (A  would have to    B  had to   C  would have had to   D  would have had) 
17. Mr Talbot is .........   in fish when it rains.   (A  used to bring    B   used to bringing   C  used bringing   D   use to bring) 
18. It ............. a lot in England.     (A  is raining    B  rains   C  rain   D  will have rained) 
19. " .... to bring in the fish?", Bert asked Mr Talbot      (A   Shall I     B   Could I      C   Ought I      D  Should I) 
20. "Don't bother," Mr Talbot said. He told Bert ........      (A  not to bother.     B   he didn't bother.    C  he was not to be bothered.   D  he wouldn't bother.)

Solutions to PART ONE in the previous post.

1. b    2. c    3. a    4. d    5. a   6. b   7. d   8. b  9. b   10. b

lunes, 7 de enero de 2019

"No meat on Mondays!!!", claim activists in France.

Every New Year we think about New Year's Resolutions, that is, promises we make to ourselves to improve our lifestyles and decisions we take to make changes in our daily routines. Some of these are always related with health and our diet.

In France activists plan to set up Vegan
Mondays, that is to say, on Mondays meat and fish are not to be consumed because of its effects on climate change. What do you think about the issue?

First you can read some articles related to the issue:

However, not long ago Paul McCartney, who has been a vegan himself for more than 40 years,  also proposed a Meat Free Monday  >>>

a documentary to watch concerning the topic.

Here's a listening exercise to do: Could you be flexitarian? (6 Minute English, BBC Learning English)

How to speak so that people want to listen


Part one. Look at the picture and read the questions. The picture will help you to answer the questions. Choose the correct option: 

1. In England  .... fish are sold "wet" or "dry".   (A  a   B  -  C  the   D  all of)
2. The "wet" fish are fresh and the "dry" fish ........ cured.    (A  are being    B  have  C  have been    D   were )
3. Fish ........ are usually salted or smoked.     (  A  that are cured       B   , are cured,     C  that cure   D  , which are cured,  )
4. Then they can be kept .......... fresh fish.    (A  more longer than    B   much longer as   C  as longer as  D  much longer than) 
5. Mr Talbot ....... fish for ten years.    (A  has been selling    B  has sold   C  sold   D   was selling) 
6. He intends ........ selling fish for another 20 years.    (A  to going on    B  to go on   C  going to   D  to go on to) 
7. Then he hopes .........   (A  retire    B   he has retired   C  to be retiring   D   to retire) 
8. His job means he must ............. every morning.     (A  get quite early up    B  get up quite early   C  quite early get up   D  quite get up early) 
9. He goes to the market and buys the fish .... have come off the boats.    (A  from where   B  which   C  they   D  -) 
10. He returns to his shop and sets out the wet fish on one side and the dry fish on ........      (A  one other   B   the other   C  another   D  that other)

domingo, 6 de enero de 2019

Good handwriting may be the clue to success!!!

Did you write your letter to The Three Wise Men? Did you get all the presents you asked for? If you did, congratulations!!! But if you didn't, it might be because you didn't do too well or... because your handwriting was not good enough!! 

Here are some articles for you to read about the importance of having a good handwriting:

Video to watch: "Does good handwriting lead to good grades?"


You often misuse these two words: "Actually vs At the moment" (English in a Minute)

And now you can revise some discourse markers to show opinion. in this exercise. (6 Minute Vocabulary)

viernes, 4 de enero de 2019

Screen overuse, possible cause of digital eye strain

You have probably heard of 'sore throat' when it is cold and you have been shouting, or 'sore feet' when you have been walking in the mountains.... but have you ever heard of 'sore eyes' or 'eye strain'? Well, that is what happens when you have been exposed to computer, tablet... screens for a long time. So, be careful! Watch the video for some advice.

Students often complain that they are stressed because of all the homework, projects, studying... they have to do. Well, our eyes may also get stressed if we force them to work too much.


Some related articles for you to read about the topic:

How to: Minimize School Stress


TO or FOR??? English Prepositions | English with Lucy



  • Episode 190102 / 2 January 2019    >>>  Taking a look at eye yoga -  Language related to 'eyesight'.  Need-to-know language: eye strain, short-sighted, long-sighted & anatomically.

miércoles, 2 de enero de 2019

What was the best of 2018?

Time passes and we will keep certain positive things that happened in mind for ever. They are memories that will always remind you of this year, 2018, and that you will tell your friends, relatives... and grandchildren about. 


So what was the best of 2018 for you? The best song, the best match, the happiest/saddest moment...

Let's listen to this: The best of 2018! (News Review, BBC Learning English)




Sometimes these memories are so strong that we wish time had stopped in that year for ever!!! like in the case of this man.


35-year-old man who lives in 1946 - BBC News



For me one of the most special moments was when Nadal won once again Roland Garros!!! This is a special tribute to him: "How to become a legend" 



What was your New Year's Eve like?

The English We Speak: Fireworks (BBC Learning English)


Welcome to the official BBC News YouTube channel. Interested in global news with an impartial perspective?

BBC News in YouTube  

sábado, 29 de diciembre de 2018

Kids becoming billionaires!!!!

You never know, but even young children can have great ideas and become millionaires. Watch this interesting short video and you will discover some amazing facts >>>>

Some related articles for you to read about the topic:

Wanna Be A Millionaire? Learn From These 12 Kids Who Already Are (Lifehack)

High-fliers have more babies, according to study (The Guardian)

For your WRITING EXERCISE 07 you will have to find out what are the differences between Spain and the United States, with the help of our language assistant Elise, regarding the following issues:

School rules, chewing gum in class, talking in class, cheating in exams, playing truant or skipping classes, not doing your homework, conditions to pass, conditions to go on to the next school year, difference between 'to suspend' & 'to expel' a student, under which situations it can happen, what are teachers like?, discipline, interacting with teachers and other classmates, bullying....

You may have a look at these posts related to the issue (Label: SCHOOLS):

EXAM SKILLS  >>>>   6 tips to help you with writing exams   (BBC Learning English)

And talking about future sport Olympic heroes, read about our swimmer Tamara Frías Molina, who I swam in the lane next to this morning, and who is from Motril (Granada).

miércoles, 26 de diciembre de 2018

Buttons and keys, part of our digital world!!!


Yes, we are always pressing buttons to change TV channels, to switch on your computer, to dial a phone number... or keys to write on your computer, to play the piano... so our fingers are essential!!!!

However, let's go back to square one. Buttons were once used to fasten your coat before the invention of zips. By the way, do you know the meaning of the verb 'to fasten'? With which other expression is this verb very common? so let's start by something as simple as sewing a button, which not everybody knows how to do it.


How to sew on a button - it really is this simple (The Guardian)

So, here are some articles related to the issue:


However, nowadays we have gone a bit further on and instead of pressing/pushing buttons we touch screens:

Why touch screens push our buttons (The Independent)


Here's a listening exercise to do: Why we press buttons (6 Minute English, BBC Learning English)


A final article for you to read:

What is The Button? And will it ever not be pressed? (The Guardian)


English in a Minute  >>>>   The... The... Comparatives (BBC Learning English)


EXAM SKILLS  >>>>   6 tips about learning from mistakes   (BBC Learning English)


    Resultado de imagen de kid playing video games animated gif
  • Episode 181219 / 19 December 2018    >>>  South-Korea gaming addiction -  Language related to 'dependence'.  Need-to-know language: digital detox, addiction, seducing & symptoms.

domingo, 23 de diciembre de 2018

Hard times for our teenagers!!!!

Our society is really demanding nowadays, especially for our teenagers. We want them to have excellent results at school, to be fantastic at sport,  to be fluent in several languages (and especially proficient in English), to be skillful with multiple ITC tools, to be outstanding at social skills, to have time to go to the music school and play the violin like Yehudi Menuhin (Yehudi Menuhin playing the violin)... And this is impossible and frustrating for them most of the times.



Meanwhile, this society is especially dishonest as they try to manipulate our teenagers for political purposes, to experiment bizarre methodologies with them, to brainwash them... intending to have dull super-consumers with no critical analysis of their actions and decisions.


In a nutshell, nowadays our teenagers are just in the middle of a perfect storm they don't know exactly how to get through as there are no honest counsellors around.

Here are some interesting articles for you to read about the topic:


Here's a listening exercise to do: Inside a teenager's head (6 Minute English, BBC Learning English)

English in a Minute  >>>>   affect vs effect (BBC Learning English)

Shakespeare speaks  >>>>   "All that glitters is not gold"     


  • Episode 181212 / 12 December 2018    >>>  Using Buddy Benches to improve mental health -  Language related to 'mental health'.  Need-to-know language: psychiatrists, mental well-being, inclusion, express feelings & stigma.

sábado, 15 de diciembre de 2018

Dickens & Christmas

In the level of 4th of ESO we have got the compulsory reader: 'A Christmas Carol' written by Charles Dickens. 


Let's begin with a couple of videos about the writer:



and The Life of Charles Dickens (BBC)   


You can now write about the writer and your opinion about the novel.

Films to watch about A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens:

  • "SCROOGE | A Christmas Carol | Charles Dickens | Full Length Drama Movie | Classis | English" en YouTube



Here's a listening exercise to do: Why does 'x' mean 'kiss'? (6 Minute English, BBC Learning English)


English in a Minute  >>>>   while vs during (BBC Learning English)

Shakespeare speaks  >>>>   "Wild Goose chase - Love is in the air!"     


And in the level of 3th of ESO we have got the compulsory reader: 'England' 

What about watching some videos?




A Walk Through York, England



  • Episode 181128 / 28 November 2018    >>>  Moving London's dead -  Language related to 'burial'.  Need-to-know language: cemeteries,  final resting place, interred, morgue  & consecrated ground.

viernes, 14 de diciembre de 2018

Teachers and being a teacher

Do you know when the World Teachers' Day is?


What do you think teachers should be like? What is 'being a teacher' for you? Before trying to find the answers, watch these videos

and read about the issue:


Non-Defining Relative Clauses (Extra information)

These relative clauses give extra information about the antecedent, so they are not essential to the understanding of the message and you can omit them. They go in between commas and the relative pronoun can never be omitted. The relative pronoun THAT can never be used.
- We use the relative pronoun WHO when the antecedent is a person and is the subject or object of the relative clause.


 came to the party
 , studied with me at the elementary school. 

 you saw at the party
 she was dancing with at the party

- We use the relative pronoun WHICH when the antecedent is an animal or a thing and is the subject or object of the relative clause.
 That dog,


 barked in the street
  , belongs to my uncle. 

 you saw in the street
 she was playing with

- WHOSE (connection of possession)  
Mr Smith, whose wife is waiting for the bus, is my boss.
- WHERE (Adverbial of place). It can be substituted by WHICH + preposition.        
We visited Buckingham Palace, where the Queen lives

NON-DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES. Insert the clauses in brackets into the main sentences as non-defining relative clauses. Remember to add the commas.

1. Mont Blanc .... is the highest mountain in the Alps.  (it is between France and Italy) 
2. Alfred Hitchcock .... worked for many years in Hollywood.   (he was born in Britain)
3. We recently visited Cambridge .....   (Albert studied there many years ago)
4. Susana ..... loves travelling.   (she is in 3º ESO)
5. London .... has over 6 million inhabitants.  (it is the capital of Britain)
6. Mr Baraq Obama .... has never visited Spain.   (he is the former President of the United States)



Here's a listening exercise to do: Photo-friendly food (6 Minute English, BBC Learning English)

English in a Minute  >>>>   lay vs lie (BBC Learning English)


  • Episode 181205 / 05 December 2018    >>>  Underwater sound pollution -  Language related to 'sound'.  Need-to-know language: listening in on something, picking up sounds, ruptured, eardrum & swamping.

domingo, 9 de diciembre de 2018 smells so good, especially in the early morning!!!

If coffee smells so good and we like it so much, why is it sold sometimes by many of the large companies in containers that remove  the smell? 


Why are all these words important in this context: disposable, lid, coffee chain, remove the smell, weird... ?

Here are some articles for you to read related to the issue:

Just the Smell of Coffee can Boost Brain Power (Live Trading News)


Here's a listening exercise to do: The smell of coffee (6 Minute English, BBC Learning English)


Learn some Food Phrasal Verbs in English with Lucy >>>


What is the difference between WHAT vs WHICH? Check it here in a new episode of English in a Minute (BBC Learning English).


And talking about Relative Clauses... 



For a start, let's analyse the relevant elements we have to bear in mind when dealing with the relative clauses:
The boy who came to the party studied with me at the elementary school.

Main clause: The boy studied with me at the elementary school.        Relative clause: who came to the party
Antecedent: The boy             Relative pronoun: who

Why do we use the relative clauses? We use them either to give essential information about the antecedent (Defining Relative Clauses) or just some extra information (Non-defining Relative Clauses).
Another important thing about relative clauses is the connection you have between the antecedent and the relative clause because that will affect the kind of relative pronoun you are going to need. It could be subject, object, there could be a connection of possession...

Defining Relative Clauses

This kind of relative clauses is essential to the understanding of the message, so you can never omit them. Therefore, the intonation is rising till the end of the relative clause.
- We use the relative pronoun WHO (or THAT) when the antecedent is a person and is the subject or object of the relative clause.
 The boy

 who / that

 came to the party
  studied with me at the elementary school. 

 you saw at the party
 she was dancing with at the party

- We use the relative pronoun WHICH (or THAT) when the antecedent is an animal or a thing and is the subject or object of the relative clause.
 The dog

 which / that

 barked in the street
  belongs to my uncle. 

 you saw in the street
 she was playing with

You can omit the relative pronoun when it is not the subject of the relative clause (The boy you saw at the party... //  The dog you saw in the street...) and pay attention to the interesting use and position of prepositions (El perro con el que ella jugaba...).

- WHOSE (connection of possession)  
That's the man whose wife is waiting for the bus. (His wife is waiting for the bus.)
- WHERE (Adverbial of place). It can be substituted by THAT/WHICH + preposition.        
We visited the church where you got married // the church that you got married at. (you got married there / in that church)

And now some exercises for you to do  >>>>>

Fill in the gaps with the appropriate RELATIVE PRONOUN (who, which, where) and then say which sentences can have the relative pronoun THAT

1. I went to see the doctor ................ had helped my sister.
2. That is the hospital .................... the doctor works.
3. The dog .................. bit me belonged to my neighbour.
4. The woman ...................... phoned wanted to talk to my mother.
5. My mother bought the dress in the shop ....................... we saw the red sweater.
6. He is the architect .......................... designed the new bridge over the River Thames.
7. A library is a place ........................ people can read books.
8. Books are things ........................... give you a lot of information about different topics.
Now define what 'a student'  is.

Insert the second sentences into the first ones by means of a WHOSE-relative clause.

1. The house is beautiful. Its windows are open.

2. He was wearing a cap. Its colour was electric green.
3. The woman is on the phone. Her name is Greek.
4. Look at the man. You met his son at the party.
5. Paris is the city. Its main monument is the Eiffel Tower.

More RELATIVE CLAUSES exercises to do:    WHO/WHICH/WHOSE   (2)


Do you know how to play 'snooker'? This is s a typical British sport and one of his stars.

and some years later:   nowadays  


  • Episode 181121 / 21 November 2018    >>>  The effects of pollution on London's schoolchildren -  Language related to 'pollution'.  Need-to-know language: asthma, stunted lung capacity, exposure, particles  & low emission.