Empty your mind, be formless. Shapeless, like water. If you put water into a cup, it becomes the cup. You put water into a bottle and it becomes the bottle. You put it in a teapot it becomes the teapot. Now, water can flow or it can crash. Be water, my friend.

by Bruce Lee

domingo, 24 de abril de 2016

Once upon a time, 400 years ago, a writer named Cervantes...

   In a village of La Mancha, the name of which I have no desire to call to mind, there lived not long since one of those gentlemen...


Some articles to read:

Here's a bilingual edition of Don Quixote, where you can read the book both in Spanish and English.

1. Write

By the way, have you ever heard of Monsignor Quixote? Who wrote this book?

What did the character Monsignor Quixote do as a job?

11 comentarios:

  1. Este comentario ha sido eliminado por el autor.

  2. Both writers lived their respective golden centuries, Cervantes in Spain called the "Golden Century" and Shakespeare the English Renaissance in England. The two are the most important writers of the literature of their countries. Incidentally Shakespeare died one day after Cervantes, although the death of Cervantes is celebrated on the 23rd as well as Shakespeare.

    Cervantes was a novelist, poet and playwright who was born on September 29, 1547 in Alcalá de Henares and died on April 22, 1616 in Madrid. It is universally known, especially for having written The ingenious hidalgo Don Quixote de la Mancha, which many critics describe as the first modern novel and one of the best works of universal literature. It has been given the nickname of Prince of the Wits.

    Shakespeare was born on April 23, 1564. He was an English playwright, poet and actor. Known occasionally as the Bard of Avon. He was born in Stratford-upon-Avon in Warwickshire, England, in April 1564, who at the age of 18 married Anne Hathaway, With whom he had three children, and who died on April 23, 1616, just before his 52nd birthday.

    Ariadna Prados López 1º Bach

  3. Shakespeare’s Women. His competence paralleled their complexity.

    Shakespeare’s women improved as he got older. His earlier female characters such as Kate in Taming of the Shrew and Juliet in Romeo and Juliet were simple, undeveloped creatures, but his later women, such as Rosalind in As You Like It, Portia in Merchant of Venice and Viola in Twelfth Night are well-rounded. And his final creations, for example, Lady Macbeth and Cleopatra are real, psychologically convincing women. He goes from ‘’archetypical’ ’to ‘’more developed’ ’to “complex”. His characters become more convincing as he becomes more experienced.

    One of his first female characters, Kate in Taming of the Shrew, is the prototype of the typical nagging difficult wife. She is sharp-tongued, quick-tempered, and prone to violence, particularly against anyone who tries to marry her.

    Juliet, in Romeo and Juliet, is a simple character. She is presented as quiet and obedient adolescent, but she possesses an inner strength which enables her to have maturity beyond her years. Her character is developed during the play and the innocent teenager becomes a responsible adult. She is a more believable character than Kate.

    With her quick wit, charm and her delightful verbal puns, Viola is one of Shakespeare’s most liked heroines. She has a native intelligence and is of sound judgment and shows resourcefulness in a difficult situation. It is noticeable that Shakespeare often creates female characters that are seen to be more intelligent than their male counterparts. Viola is one such character who is far more deserving than Duke Orsino with whom she is in love. He is capricious, changeable, shallow and is an emotionally driven man.

    In The Merchant of Venice, Portia is another female protagonist who is far more intelligent and witty than the male characters in the play. Bassanio is only saved from a terrible death through Portia’s intelligence, quick wit and bravery as she confronts Shylock.
    Rosalind is one of Shakespeare’s strongest female characters. She is intelligent, witty, warm, and has exceptional mental gifts and she possesses an unshakable integrity. She is a discerning judge of character and she can assert herself with an authority appropriate to her status. She is one of Shakespeare’s most feistiest females.

    Two of the more complex Shakespeare’s characters are Macbeth and Cleopatra. Macbeth’s wife is one of the most powerful female characters in literature. She is strong, more ruthless, and more ambitious than her husband. Her ambition, however, is paralleled by the guilt she feels after the murder. It drives her to madness and finally to commit suicide.
    At the beginning of the play Cleopatra is presented as the stereotypical seductress queen, but at heart she is a confused and insecure woman. Beneath her play acting she is a fully dimensional complex human being. She appears childish and self-absorbed on the outside, but internally she has charisma, strength and indomitable will which makes her one of Shakespeare’s strongest female characters.

    Shakespeare’s appeal continues until this day despite a changing audience. Attitude towards women changes according the era in which we are watching the play. A 21st century audience might prefer the more feisty and profound female characters of the later plays, whereas spectators of the 19th century would tend to like the more traditional pure and meek female characters such as Desdemona in Othello.

    However awe inspiring Shakespeare’s female characters may be there isn’t a play where the central protagonist is a woman. His increasing skill for creating more believable female characters might have foreshadowed one final triumphant play with a central heroine. How disappointing!

  4. Miguel De Cervantes, he was consider the maximun figure of the Spanish Literature. He is known worldwide for his book Don Quijote De La Mancha. He was known as the manco of Lepanto, because he was to war and there, he losed the hand. Formed part in the naval expeditions of Navarino (1572), Corfu, Bizerte and Tunisia (1573). In all of them under the command of Captain Manuel Ponce de León. Then, he toured the main cities of Sicily, Sardinia, Genoa and Lombardy. He remained for two years in Napoles until 1575. Cervantes was always very proud of having fought in the battle of Lepanto, which he wrote for himself in the prologue to the second part of Don Quijote.

    Many critics have described Don Quijote as the first modern novel and one of the best works of universal literature, besides being the most edited and translated book of history, only surpassed by the Bible. The sources of the art of Cervantes as novelist are complex: on the one hand, Don Quijote and Sancho Panza are the parody of the knights errant and their squires; On the other hand, in them, the fidelity to honor and the struggle for the weak are exalted. In the Quijote, influence, the realism and fantasy, meditation and reflection on literature converge: the characters discuss their own identity of characters while the boundaries between delirium and reason and between fiction and reality are erased again and again. But the course of Cervantes, who attended both the imperial glories of Lepanto and the defeats of the Invincible on the shores of England, only knew the troubles of poverty and the harassment of power. Unlike his character, he never escaped his fate as a soldier and a poor soldier.

  5. Miguel de Cervantes was a soldier, novelist, poet and Spanish playwright. He is considered the maximum figure of the Spanish literature and he wrote Don Quijote de la Mancha, as the first modern novel.

    In 1569 he joined to the militia and two years later he fought in Lepanto's battle against the Turks in 1571. When evil hurt in an arm stayed they it nicknamed the manco of Lepanto. When he was returning to Spain hostage was taken by the Turks for five years. On having remained free he returned to Madrid and wrote his first novel,The Galatea, published in 1585.
    Later he was employed as collector of taxes at Seville, but in 1597 defendant of complicity was imprisoned in a bank fraud. In 1600 he established himself in Valladolid, where he stopped writing the first part of The Quijote de la Mancha, which was published in 1605. His great acceptance did that his second part was publishing in 1615.He was bad in Madrid, and he died on the 22 April of 1616.

    It is in the habit of saying that Michael of Cervantes and William Shakespeare died the same day, though the first one died on April 22 and the second one 23. This day, it has been named International Day of the Book by the UNESCO in 1995.

  6. Este comentario ha sido eliminado por el autor.

  7. Cervantes is one of the most know writers of the world and a Spanish icon. It is considered by many to be the first modern novelist.

    His life wasn’t easy: he fought in the Gulf of Lepanto, where he was wounded in his left hand and that's how he earned the nickname "El manco de Lepanto". After that, he continued fighting in the Mediterranean. When he tried to come back to Spain in 1575 his ship was captured by pirates and he was taken as a slave in Algiers until 1580. but when he come back to Spain his life wasn’t better as he always had economic problems. His most known novel is Don Quixote which has had an amazing influence on later literature. It is believed that its influence can be seen in such writers as Sir Walter Scott, Charles Dickens, Benito Perez Galdos and in painters like William Hogarth and Pablo Picasso. Cervantes's fame was far greater in death than in life.

    It has been a year since the searchers found Cervantes's tomb, nowadays his remains rest in the new monument in his honor in the church of San Ildefonso of the convent of the Trinitarias of Madrid, where a ceremony was held in his honor attended by important politicians.

    In my view Cervantes and Shakespeare have had a enormous influence until now ( in contemporary novel, theater, films and TV series) and both of them are two universal icons of literature. I reckon it is absurd to compare them since both are just as good.

    Irene Ramón 1ºBACH

  8. 23rd April, 1616 is recorded as the death date of two of the most important writers that we've ever had. English playwright William Shakespeare and Spanish novelist Miguel de Cervantes. They didn't have too much in common, although they lived in the same era.

    The English was born in 1564 in Stratford-upon-Avon, and Miguel de Cervantes was born in 1547 in Alcala de Henares, a town which is near Madrid.

    Shakespeare attended his home town's renowned grammar school, where he was taught Latin and the basics of rethoric and poetics. Cervantes, from a family of impoverished nobility, studied theology at the University of Salamanca.

    In 1569, Miguel de Cervantes moved to Rome, where he worked as chamber assistant of a Cardinal. He then enlisted as a soldier in the Spanish Navy Infantry regiment and continued his military life until 1575, when he was captured by Barbary pirates. In 1605, Cervantes was in Valladolid when he published the first part of Don Quixote, which is considered to be the first modern novel, a classic Western literature, and it's one of the best works of fiction ever written. During the last nine years of his life, Cervantes solidified his reputation as a writer, publishing 'Novelas ejemplares', 'Viaje al Parnaso',etc.

    Shakespeare, for its part, married at the age of 18 and had three children. Sometime between 1585 and 1592, he began a successful career in London as an actor, writer, and part-owner of a playing company called the Lord Chamberlain's Men, later known as the King's Men. He produced most of his most known works between 1585 and 1613. His early plays were primarily comedies and histories, but then he started to write tragedies, including 'Hmalet' and 'Macbeth'.

  9. Don Quixote was written by the known writer Miguel de Cervantes. In the world, this novel is one of the most important classics. Cervantes is considered the Shakespeare of the Spanish’s letters. He was a soldier in Spain, and he fighted in the Lepanto Battle, it is said that he lost his arm, so he is known as the Manco of Lepanto.

    His book is about the adventures of Alonso Quixano, a man who is renamed as Don Quixote. He has a squire named Sancho, and they go out to find adventures everywhere they go. Don Quixote is crazy because he has read a lot of novels about cavalry. One of the funniest and best known chapters is when he fights against windmills since he thinks they were giants.

    On 23th April it is celebrated his death’s anniversary. In Spain it is celebrated by reading some fragments of his play. As I see it, this is an important day in Spain, although it isn't as recognized. Not everyone has read Cervantes' books, but if you ask someone who Cervantes is or what he wrote and I'm almost sure they will be able to answer.

    María Béjar 1°Bach

  10. I'm going to talk about Migue de Cervantes and about Shakespeare.

    Miguel de Cervantes was a soldier, novelist, poet and Spanish playwright. He is the greatest icon of Spanish literature and he is best known for having written The Quixote. This book is considered the first modern novel and one of the best work of the universal literature. Moreover, it's the most published and translated book of the history. In 1571, he fought in the battle of Lepanto, in which he lost a hand, that is why he has the nickname of Manco de Lepanto.

    In the Quijote, it tells the story of a man from Almeria named Alonso Quixano who becomes crazy because of reading chivalry books. In the story, he decides travel and explore new territories, he has a squire called Sancho. The most extrange thing of this story is that Alonso Quixano thinks that the mills are giants.

    On the other hand, Willian Shakespeare is the most important English writer and one of the most importat writer o f the universal literature. He was an English playwright, poet and actor. Between his work he has made the First folio, tragedies, comedies, historical works, late fiction or fantasy comedies, lost or apocryphal works, critical judgments, sonnets and extensive poems. He has a big variety of works.

    From my point of view, Cervantes and Shakespeare has had a big influence in universal literature. Both of them have done works very known in all the world. Although a big part of population hasn't read yet any book of them, they know who they are. Sometimes, people compare them like which of the two is the best, I personally think that it is unnecessary because both of them are brilliant.

    Joaquín Alejandro España 1ºA.Bachillerato

  11. I'm going write about the two most important of the golden age: Cervants and Shakespeare. Both incidentally died on the same date, but actually Cervantes died on April 22 and Shakespeare a day later on April 23, although their deaths are celebrated on April 23. That day is called the International Book Day in 1995.

    Cervants was a soldier, novelist, poet and Spanish playwright. He is universally known for having written "The Don Quixote". It's considered the first modern novel and one of the best works of universal literature. In addition, being the most edited and translated book of history, it was given the nickname of "Prince of the Wits".

    Shakespeare was an English playwright,poet and actor. He is also considered the most important writer in the English language. It was known at "Bordo de Avon". At the age of 18 he married Anne Hathaway and they had three children.