Empty your mind, be formless. Shapeless, like water. If you put water into a cup, it becomes the cup. You put water into a bottle and it becomes the bottle. You put it in a teapot it becomes the teapot. Now, water can flow or it can crash. Be water, my friend.

by Bruce Lee

sábado, 16 de septiembre de 2017

Our mission is coming to an end

Our mission is coming to an end, and so is Cassini space mission. Six years ago we began a long journey full of hurdles and difficulties and some of our friends were left behind. I wish you the best for this last year, but let's read about Cassini space mission, which is also dealt in today's lingohack programme:



Breaking news: Spanish national basketball team has just defeated Russian in their match for the bronze medal in the European basketball championship in the last match Juan Carlos Navarro has played for the national team. CONGRATULATIONS once again!!!!

Listening exercise to do: Uniforms (6 Minute English, BBC Learning English)


Highway to Selectivity

Read the text and answer the questions about LEXICON.
The world of language learning is being transformed by rapid advances in information technology, giving students greater freedom in the way they study. Computers allow learners to choose what, when and how they study. It means that they can cut costs by staying at home to study instead of taking an expensive course, including accommodation and travel expenses. But educationists say that multimedia should only be seen as complementary to classroom teaching, not as substitute. An evidence suggests that, in saying that, teachers are not just being protective about their jobs. As ever, human contact is vital when learning a second language.
Many language schools across Europe now  have these technologies installed as a complement to classroom activities. Students can book the computer room for an hour or so and practise parts of the course that they are finding particularly difficult. "Computer allow students to consolidate language points in their own time," said one teacher of French. "People who are shy about speaking a foreign language in public in the early stages can practise without anyone hearing."
The younger generations are so familiar with the technology that they have come to expect it in any school. As time goes on and prices fall, computers will become an established part of educational process.

1. Find one synonym in the text for CHANGE
2. Find one synonym in the text for IMPROVEMENT
3. Find in the text the word that has the following definition:   "Make a reservation"
4. Find one opposite in the text for INCREASE
5. Give me the adjective that comes from 'generation'
6. Give me the opposite of 'familiar' 
7. Give me the noun that comes from 'expensive'

REVISION EXERCISE for 1º Bachillerato  >>>   

122. Write the following sentences into REPORTED SPEECH :

1. "Other people have been to see this flat", the landlady said.
 2. "Did you smoke a lot yesterday, sir?", the doctor said.
 3. "Is there enough milk here?", I wondered.
 4. "How far is going to be the new market?", my mother said to us.
 5. "I must redecorate my house this year", she said.
 6. "Don't have so many pills if you're ill. I think you should see and ask your doctor about it", my friend said.
 *7. "Let's have a beer", I said to my mates.
 8. "What about visiting our cousins the day after tomorrow?", my sister said.

123. Write suitable questions for these answers :

   1. ______ ?      No, I'm sorry, I can't. I've got to do my homework tonight.
    2. ______ ?      No, I can't. I'm a bit afraid of the water.
    3. ______ ?      She is tall with long fair hair and big blue eyes.
    4. ______ ?      If I were you, I would take them back to the shop.
    5. ______ ?      That's all right, but try not to be late again.
    6. ______ ?      I'm sorry, she isn't at home. Can I take a message?
    7. ______ ?     Yes, I went to France last year.

Proposed solutions to exercises 120 & 121 in the previous post

Ex120   >>>   
1. She told me    2. Correct        3. said         4. How long have you been...       5. has lived
6. gave it to her        7. it may be for me   8. If you knew Peter

Ex121   (you can have other possibilities) >>>>    
1. may - might      2. needn't       3. Shall       4. Would    5. must     6. mustn't    7. cannot


7 comentarios:

  1. Cassini was a mission of the NASA, ESA and ASI whose objective was to study the planet Saturn. The spacecraft consisted of two main elements: the Cassini spacecraft and the Huygens probe. The launch was the 15 October 1997.

    While the mission itself is ending, the data and observations provided by Cassini will provide new details about the planet, its unique rings and moons for decades to come. The scientist won´t have more information about the Cassini when the spacecraft deliberately dives into Saturn's atmosphere and plunges itself into the planet.

    When Cassini arrived, it witnessed a giant storm circling the planet for nine months. We learned there are 3-D structures in the rings. And Titan not only has seas and lakes of liquid ethane and methane, but an atmosphere of chemicals that rain down, forming a unique chemistry that could lead to life.

    Cassini has been a big progress in the exploration of Saturn and a good way to understand better the space and our solar system.

    Patricia Rodríguez Martín 2ºBachA

  2. Este comentario ha sido eliminado por el autor.

  3. In the next, I´m going to talk about Cassini´s mission. I will write about the most impotant information and about the principal objectives.

    Cassini is an international program that is the result of cooperation between NASA, ESA and the Italian space agency ASI, as well as other international academic and industrial collaborators from about twenty countries. Cassini's mission consists of delivering a probe to Titan, and then remaining in orbit around Saturn for detailed studies of the planet and its rings and satellites.

    The principal objectives are to:
    (1) determine the three-dimensional structure and dynamical behavior of the rings;
    (2) determine the composition of the satellite surfaces and the geological history of each object;
    (3) determine the nature and origin of the dark material on Iapetus' leading hemisphere;
    (4) measure the three-dimensional structure and dynamical behavior of the magnetosphere;
    (5) study the dynamical behavior of Saturn's atmosphere at cloud level;
    (6) study the time variability of Titan's clouds and hazes; and,
    (7) characterize Titan's surface on a regional scale.

    At the end of it´s mission, the Cassini spacecraft executed the "Grand Finale" of it´s mission: a number of risky passes through the gaps between Saturn and Saturn's rings. The purpose of this phase was to maximize Cassini's scientific outcome before the spacecraft was destroyed. The atmospheric entry of Cassini effectively ended the mission.

    From my point of view, Cassini mission was important because give to all of us very important information about Saturn and Saturn´s rings.

    Meryem Ramdan

  4. Este comentario ha sido eliminado por el autor.

  5. I think that Cassini has been very important in the advance of learning more things about the Saturn planet and that thanks to it now we can know more about our galaxi and all the planets. Personally I think there are a lot of people that help to know more about everything that is on Saturn
    By Jose Corzo Garzón 2 E.S.O

  6. Cassini was a projet developed between NASA and the European Space Agency, this projet was originally planed to study Saturn, its atmosphere, its famous rings, satellites and much more. The spacecraft was sent to Saturn in 1997 and arrived in 1998, the probe had many instruments to measure almost every single aspect of Saturn, among that much instruments we can mention: a Radar, a Dust Analyzer, many types of Spectrometers, to measure the gases from the planet, by the way, Saturn doesn´t has any kind of floor, where we could walk, It´s just a gas mixture. The spacecraft originally had a lander called Huygens which landed on Saturn's largest moon, Titan. Cassini was the fourth space probe to visit Saturn, but the first to enter in its orbit.

    Cassini was active in space for nearly 20 years studying the planet and its system, nothing special considering that there are spacecrafts like voyager one, which was launched in 1977 and it still sending us information, it´s expected to arrive to another solar system in some years. Cassini mission ended on September 15, 2017, the day we started the current school year, It burned when its trajectory took it into Saturn's atmosphere

    This projet was originally planned to send us information for only four years, from June 2004 to May 2008 but in 2010, the mission was extended another seven years until September

    The lander which I was talking about traveled with Cassini until its separation, then it was landed by parachute on Titan. It returned data to Earth for around 90 minutes. This was the first landing on an other planet´s moons.

    Eduardo Pérez Muelas 2ºBACH

  7. Today I’m going to talk about a very famous mission called Cassini.

    The Cassini mission was a collaboration between NASA, ESA (European Space Agency) and ASI(Italian Space Agency) to send a probe to study the planet Saturn and its system(it includes rings and natural satellites).The mission started on October 15,1997. The mission was planned to last four years (from June 2004 to May 2008) but the mission was extended for another two years until 2010 and it last until September of 2017 for a lot of different reasons.

    The Cassini mission has 6 different objectives:
    ¥ Determining the three-dimensional structure and dynamic behaviour of the ring of Saturn
    ¥ Determining the composition of the satellite surfaces and the geological history of each object.
    ¥ Determining the nature and origin of the dark material on Iapetus’s leading hemisphere.
    ¥ Measuring the three-dimensional structure and dynamic behaviour of the magnetosphere
    ¥ Studying the dynamic behaviour of Saturn's atmosphere at cloud level.
    ¥ Studying the time variability of Titan's clouds and hazes.
    Characterizing Titan's surface on a regional scale.

    This mission has increased in the information of the planet Saturn.

    Personally, I think that this mission is very interesant and that we should investigate more all the planets because I’m sure that we would learn a lot of different things.