Empty your mind, be formless. Shapeless, like water. If you put water into a cup, it becomes the cup. You put water into a bottle and it becomes the bottle. You put it in a teapot it becomes the teapot. Now, water can flow or it can crash. Be water, my friend.

by Bruce Lee

sábado, 3 de febrero de 2018

My name is...


My name is Bond... James Bond. 




No, no, this is no fake post. This post has a lot to do with sexism in language and in life. Ironically, the Anglo-Saxon World has got a big problem with this as women usually graduate with a surname, they get married and lose it, they get divorced and change it again, they get married a second time and they change it again. This is a neverending story and labour market can't stand all this, so many women choose to keep their original surname or even... Have a look at this listening exercise and discover it: What's in a name? (6 Minute English, BBC Learning English).

Here are some related articles you can read about the issue:

You can also do this old Selectivity exam: Sexism in language   (I will give you the key to this exam in my next post)


So what is your opinion? Do you agree or do you disagree with any of these trends? Actually, we don't have to care about this in Spain as women keep their family names even if they get married. Anyway, there are certain words in Spanish used in the masculin to refer to both sexes as these are the non-marked terms. There are also new non-sexist terms coming to replace some of the old sexist terms, such as...

Agreeing with someone (Learn English with Papa)


Another interesting video about giving opinions, agreeing and disagreeing  


Solutions to the exercises in the previous post:

Vocabulary. Fill in the gaps with suitable words.   >>>  1  abroad      2  experience     3  hours      4 Staff

A high-flyer is an ambitiously competitive person with high aspirations/expectations.

page 49  Vocabulary. Fill in the gaps with suitable verbs.    >>>>     1 take            2 earn               3 have                 4 took


Activities for my 2º ESO students:  Give me your opinion about the issue dealt in the post. Do you know the meaning of the word 'shortcut'? Have a look at the LINGOHACK section and tell me which means of transport do you prefer. You can do this exercise online.


1. Whose book is this? It's your book. It's yours.   2. Whose pencils are these? They are his pencils. They are his.  3. Whose omelette is this? It is our omelette. It's ours.   4. Whose spoons are these? They are my spoons. They are mine.  5) Whose cars are these? They are their cars. They are theirs.
Fill in the gaps with the right prepositions :
1. about      2. with     3. to, on    4. into, in    5. from   6. in, in


  • Episode 180131 / 31 January 2018    >>>  Hyperloop: the train of the future?   -  Language related to 'Speed'.  Need-to-know language: glimpse, hurtling, miles an hour, test track & cut the journey (remember the word 'shortcut'  >>  How would you translate it into Spanish).

8 comentarios:

  1. Sexism in language is widespread and more so in patriarchal societies where it is seen as normal to use expressions such as "you play like a girl" or "boys do not cry". Sometimes we do not realize how macho or misogynistic our vocabulary can be and that is a serious problem that we must solve.

    After detecting sexism in the language, different recommendations began to appear for a non-sexist use of the language. Since the mid-1980s, feminism has advanced in strategies to combat both silencing and contempt, and solutions are being perfected and new instructions are written.

    The possibilities that it poses to us are really varied, creative and diverse in order to correct the androcentric use of language and to avoid that we name women as dependents, complements, subalterns or properties of men.

    Changing the language will lead us to change our society and be more egalitarian, to end patriarchal societies, because grain by grain a great mountain can be made.

    Ariadna Prados López 2ºBach

  2. Este comentario ha sido eliminado por el autor.

    1. I think that a woman should not lose her surname when she marries.

      Women should have the same law as men.

      I think it's good to change some words of the languages, so as not to treat women differently.

      Shortcut : The shortest way to go to a place.

      Hyperloop: the train of the future?

      I would love to be able to use this means of transport, the Hyperloop.

      The BBC says it is in tests. I think my ears would not stand its great speed, 1200 kilometers per hour.
      It is very similar to a fair attraction.
      I suppose it would be very expensive to put one from Salobreña to Madrid.

      Exercise 1

      1. They often travel by car.
      2. I don’t like to go on a train.
      3. You can buy a ticket and go on a bus.
      4. They often go on foot.
      5. People go to work by car.
      6. It is nice to go in a taxi.
      7. I have never travelled on a plane.
      8. More people now go in their cars than by trams.
      9. They prefer to go by bike rather than on foot.
      10. Have you ever gone on a train?

      Exercise 2

      1. When they went to the USA. They went by plane.
      2. I am afraid of travelling by ferry.
      3. Have you ever been on a ship?
      4. It is expensive to go in a taxi.
      5. I usually go by school bus.
      6. He has a yacht. He often travels by yacht.
      7. They first met on a train.
      8. In ancient times people travelled by horses.
      9. Going on foot is good for your health.
      10. To avoid pollution we should go by bicycles more.

      Exercise 3

      1. If you want to travel on long distances you can go by plane.
      2. You can also go in your car.
      3. You also might go by train.
      4. It is not a good idea to go on foot.
      5. Travelling by ship is not so popular.
      6. They went on their van.
      7. Nobody travels by lorry.
      8. They toured Latvia by camper.
      9. I think we will travel on a boat.
      10. They always go by helicopter.

      Susana P. Bosch 2ºESO Grupo A

  3. France was the country in which it has forbidden since 1789 for a citizen to change their name legally, even after marriage. Traditionally women were those who took their husbands’ surnames when they got married. Now, times and names are slowly changing…

    For a start, that trend dates back to the Norman invasion of England, back in 1066. This tradition is sexist and nowadays it isn’t well-seen by some people. It gives examples of the patriarchal and sexist society we live in.

    On the contrary, more and more husbands are developing a new style: they are taking their wife’s surnames in order to acknowledge the unseen patriarchal bias and sexism and so, concern people. Moreover, according to a recent study, as more women work, they keep on their maiden name.

    Taking all into account, society is changing and so are we. More and more people are fighting against sexism, for instance, taking wife’s surnames despite of being called feminine. It seems to me that much still remains to be done to cease with our society where women and men aren’t equal. Providing that we are all concerned about it, we will overcome this issue.

  4. Este comentario ha sido eliminado por el autor.

  5. The use of sexist language still continues in our society, unfortunately built on patriarchy creating people with misogynistic thoughts. Both men and women since many women can be sexist if their education has been.

    Although the feminism is trying to eliminate these types of behaviors and thoughts, we can still see how the children are given balls, cars, bicycles and dressed in colors that are considered to be man, such as blue or green. On the other hand we have girls who are given cooking sets, cleaning, dolls, etc ... to inculcate them that this is their duty. They must learn to cook, clean, raise their daughters to "be a good woman".

    From my point of view, that a woman has to renounce her last name when she marries is unfair because a man's surname isn´t worth more than the woman's. In this sense, in Spain we are lucky not to have to renounce our surname and now many women can put their last name in first place or if they are single mothers, put their children their two surnames.

    Raisa Martín 2º BACH

  6. It is common to hear on the street, places of work and study, at home and in the media, macho expressions of all kinds that degrade the image of women. It is also normative the invisibilization of women in spoken and written language through the masculine plural.

    Other people rightly say that sexist language is a reflection, more or less clear, of a sexist society. Therefore, they propose that in order to put an end to sexist language, it is necessary to put an end to macho society and build a society that is fully egalitarian. This is true.



  7. I think that since all people have our last name from our parents, and that is our identity, in England women should not change their family name to that of their husband since she does not come from him.
    I also think that it is not always the woman who must adapt to the man, because we are both equal and nobody is more than anyone.
    Now there is not as much discrimination between men and women as now, before only women were seen to be housewives and take care of children and it was men who earned money from their jobs.

    Nuria Díaz Ruiz 4 ESO A