Empty your mind, be formless. Shapeless, like water. If you put water into a cup, it becomes the cup. You put water into a bottle and it becomes the bottle. You put it in a teapot it becomes the teapot. Now, water can flow or it can crash. Be water, my friend.

by Bruce Lee

jueves, 7 de febrero de 2019

Mating, sexual harassment, flirtation... and love. Beware of misunderstandings!!!

Mating, flirting... love, but beware of sexual harassment. Spring and St Valentine's Day are nearer and nearer and nature knows that!!!




Here are some articles to read about the issue:

Have a look at the bird seduction techniques   >>>>

And what about cranes in Japan?? Isn't their dance incredible?

Whales and their songs, another issue worth analysing >>>


  • Episode 190206 / 06 February 2019    >>>  The changing sound of whale song -  Language related to 'singing and songwriting'.  Need-to-know language: tunes, singing from the same shong sheet, embellishments, start from scratch & musical repertoire.

Episode 2: Adverbs of frequency in our series of BBC Learning English: The Grammar Gameshow, where you can test your knowledge of grammar.

Here's some advice to new teachers   >>>

Lucy tells us about Top 10 mispronounced English words.

John McEnroe, The Commissioner of Tennis, keeps talking about tennis

McEnroe: Why Roger Federer is mad at me! | The Commissioner of Tennis | Australian Open 2019


  • WHAT is used in exclamatory sentences when it is followed by a NOUN or a NOUN PHRASE. It works exactly the same as SUCH.

Examples: What a (big) house he has bought!     >>>   He has bought such a (big) house.
                    What an (easy) exam we had at the Official Language School in Motril!   >>>  We had such an (easy) exam....
                    What (good) basketball players we have in Spain!    >>>   We have such (good) basketball players in Spain.
                    What (good) wine they make in Itrabo!    >>>  They make such (good) wine in Itrabo.
  • HOW is used in exclamatory sentences when it is followed by an ADJECTIVE or an ADVERB. It works exactly the same as SO.

Examples: How expensive it is the car you bought!    >>>  The car you bought is so expensive.
                    How carefully Fernando Alonso drives when it rains!    >>>>   Fernando Alonso drives so carefully when it rains.
  • Remember you can also use SO with NOUNS when talking about quantity. In that case you will need MUCH & MANY depending on the noun.

Examples: We have got so many books to read and so much homework to do this year.

Some sentences to translate into English:

1. ¡Qué bien canta mi primo!

2. ¡Qué canción tan bonita él canto en la fiesta!

3. ¡Qué ejercicio!

4. ¡Qué ejercicio tan fácil estamos haciendo!

5. ¡Qué frío hace en Ítrabo!

6. ¡Qué buen queso hacen en Holanda!

7. ¡Qué buenos futbolistas hay en Holanda!

Complete the exclamatory sentences and then fill in the gaps with SO & SUCH+articles if needed.

1. ___________ unreliable McLaren is! Yes, but Alonso drove ……….… carelessly that he crashed it.

2. __________ tasty ham they have in Trevelez! They have …………. good conditions there.

3. _____________ funny this film is! Well, the actors aren’t ………… funny.

4. _____________ fast Usain Bolt runs! He is ………… fast runner.

Finally, have a look at this post in my blog Neither trekking nor just climbing... it is actually running in the Alps!!!!  , where you can find a link to a page where there are loads of exercises about this issue.

Do you want to revise the exclamatory  sentences, SO & SUCH?

 HERE you have got some exercises and the self-correction.

And for further information about the comparatives you can watch these two That's English episodes:

    Unit 8A            Unit 8B        

4 comentarios:

  1. Valentine’s day is just a day to celebrate love but people forget that on the other days when the loved one actually needs us that is the time we should celebrate love and so the concern.
    But today’s generation people just celebrate it to show off. There is no actual love showcasing mend behind it. It was meant to be the day of lovers to express and open up to their loved ones!
    So Valentine is be open, love your loved one and be loved too!
    Celebrate it for expressing your thoughts and not just fake it.
    Be there for them in need in all walks of life!

  2. Este comentario ha sido eliminado por el autor.

  3. Nowadays, we see lots of sexual harrasment cases on the news. Women are being screamed at, pursued, groped, licked, touched, appraised, scared and frustrated by street harassers. There are lots of harrasments in the workplace, too.

    People who are flirting should be very carreful with their words and acts to the other person. The difference between sexual harassment and flirting is really fairly clear. If you want to meet someone, you have to flirt but you must do it in the right environment and being always friendly and respectful. Sending a flirty text message, a hand resting on the knee, or telling a person that you feel attracted are some examples of flirting always when it comes from the right person at the right time. Sexual harrasment is when a man goes too far - whether through what he says or what he does - when a woman clearly doesn't want it.

    In my opinion, the reason of sexual harrasment is because young people have access to porn, or because of the music videos they watch where the vocabulary and the dance are very sexual, also because they send a lot of sexual images with their mobile phones,etc. Children at school should be more informed about the difference between flirting and sexual harrasment!


  4. Sexual harassment can be defined as sexual innuendos, requests for sexual favors, or other verbal or physical contacts of a sexual nature that are unwanted or unwanted that create an offensive environment.

    It is important to note that sexual harassment is not the same as a flirt or a mutually agreed upon relationship. It is an action that is not desired, that offends and anguish, and can, in some situations, be physically and emotionally dangerous. The victim may feel intimidated, uncomfortable, embarrassed or threatened.

    In my opinion, the reason of sexual harrasment is because young people have access to porn, music with male chauvinist vocabulary, children should know the difference between dating and sexual harassment.